By C L E Lewis and S J Knell, Cherry Lewis, Simon J. Knell
This e-book includes contributions from Martin Rees-the Astronomer Royal; Aubrey Manning-biologist and presenter of the BBC television sequence Earth tale; Chris Stringer-archaeologist and media character, and a few revered historians of science.An historic point of view of geological time, from the 17th century to the invention of radioactivity, and directly to modern day purposes of geochronology. participants come from the fields of geology and geochemistry, palaeontology, biology, archaeology, astronomy, and the background of science.The age of the Earth has constantly been a topic of serious curiosity to scientists from many disciplines-geologists, biologists, archaeologists, astronomers and historians. This quantity, The Age of the Earth: from 4004BC to AD2002, brings jointly participants from those diversified topics to debate a variety of facets of the subject matter. It opens with a historic standpoint, bearing on the works of eminent students from the 17th to 19th centuries, describing how conceptions of the Earth's historical past replaced over this era. we're taken from the time whilst state-enforced spiritual orthodoxy all through Europe dictated the age of the Earth, via to the 19th century while geology emerged as a rigorous and self-contained technological know-how. via stratigraphic paintings, fossils grew to become proven as priceless time markers and the scientists of the day became to the deduction of time from the goods of geomorphological strategies. through the tip of the 19th century the controversy among geologists and physicists was once at its top. the trouble to quantify geological time affected the idea and perform of geology and used to be largelyresonsible for it maturing right into a specialist clinical self-discipline. during the technological know-how of geochronology, more and more subtle innovations built to degree the age of the Earth. besides the fact that, it may be borne in brain that the now-accepted age could be thought of a 'geochemical accident' which nonetheless is still a contentious issue.The concluding elements of the booklet talk about a few similar themes: the quest for the oldest rocks on the earth; a biologist's perspective of the heritage and development of existence on the earth; how a refinement of radiocarbon and non-radiocarbon actual courting ideas has impacted searching for our old hominid ancestors; and, eventually, cosmology and the questions surrounding the age of the universe.
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Extra info for Age of the Earth: 4004 BC - 2002 AD (2001)(en)(321s)
Steno and geological time. In: SCHERZ, G. ) Dissertations on Steno as Geologist. Odense University, Odense, 204-212. FRANGSMYR, T. 1983. Linnaeus as a geologist In: FRANGSMYR, T. ) Linnaeus: the Man and his Work. University of California, Berkeley, 110155. GLICK, T. F. 1971. On the influence of Kircher in Spain. Isis, 62, 379-381. GORMAN, M. J. 1997. The correspondence of Athanasius Kircher: The world of a seventeenth century Jesuit. An international research project. Nuncius, 12, 651-658. GORTANI, M.
2. The 'Geocosmus' of Athanasius Kircher (1664-1665), with the 'hydrophylacia' (left) and the 'phyrophylacia' (right). 28 E. VACCARI Kircher's representation of the Earth, linked to the Mosaic tradition of the Bible, probably inspired German alchemist and mining expert Johann Joachim Becher's (1635-1682) Physica Subterranea (1669). This explained the Earth's internal operations with chemical reactions and productive stages caused by the combination of elements (Oldroyd 1996, pp. 38-40). In an account of the formation of the face of the Earth published in 1702 and 1706, Swedish chemist Urban Hiarne (1641-1724) also proposed the structural model illustrated by Kircher (Frangsmyr 1969, pp.
Honore. Amsterdam. EUROPEAN VIEWS ON TERRESTRIAL CHRONOLOGY BURNET, T. 1681. Telluris Theoria Sacra: orbis nostri originem et mutationes generates, quas iam subiit aut olim subiturus est, complectens. Libri duo priores de Diluvio & Paradiso. Kettilby, London. BURNET, T. 1698. Theoria Sacra Telluris: d. i. Heiliger Entwurff oder biblische Betrachtung des Erdreichs. Liebernickel, Hamburg. BURNET, T. 1699. ]. Wolters, Amsterdam. CAPEL, H. 1985. Lafisica sagrada. Creencias religiosas y teorias cientificas en los origenes de la geomorfologia espanola.