By Lisa J. Green

This authoritative advent to African American English (AAE) is the 1st textbook to examine the grammar as a complete. sincerely prepared, it describes styles within the sentence constitution, sound method, observe formation and be aware use. It examines schooling, speech occasions within the secular and spiritual global, and using AAE in literature and the media to create black photos. It comprises routines to accompany each one bankruptcy and is vital analyzing for college students in linguistics, schooling, anthropology, African American reviews and literature.

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Example text

In spite of the inaccurate representations, this be is used quite systematically in AAE in sentences such as those in the focal point and in the gospel song by Donnie McClerkin referenced at the beginning of this chapter. In the song, “everywhere I be” refers to different places I go or usually am, such as home, work, the mall, gas station, school, grocery store, vacation, dentist’s office, basketball games, conferences, church, etc. So the verbal marker be is quite effective in this song in that it helps to convey the contrast between humans and Jesus.

2) She stay in that bathroom. (3) She stay running. (4) He stay in the air. Gloss: He’s a frequent flyer; he travels by airplane regularly. (5) He stay hungry. Gloss: He’s always hungry. 14 If a person says He stay hungry, the meaning is that the person is often hungry. Stay, as it is used in the first sentence (#They stay for a long time), has a meaning that is different from the ones given in the definition; the sentence is not acceptable given the specified meaning, so it is flagged by ‘#’. h. steady [stεdI], [st∧dI] VM,— V(-ing).

18 (2) Lexical entries for verbal markers a. be [bi], AspM— {V-ing, V-ed, Adj, Prep, N, Adv, AspM, end of sentence}. 19 (1) *They be wake up too early. (2) They be waking up too early. ‘They usually wake up too early’ (3) Half of them things that be showed on TV don’t be happening. ‘It’s usually the case that half of the things that are shown on TV do not happen’ (Green 1998a, p. 52) (4) Those shoes be too expensive. ‘Those shoes are usually too expensive’ (5) I think the puppies be in the garage sometimes.

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