By Ronald J. Kendall, Steven M. Presley, Galen P. Austin, Philip N. Smith
Organic and chemical guns are a turning out to be terrorist risk to the U.S. and different international locations and countermeasures proceed to adapt as a countrywide and worldwide precedence factor. to take care of with this quickly altering and important box we needs to identify the present state-of-the-science on countermeasures to shape a platform from which to provide views, regulations, and strategies that may help the us and different international locations to protect themselves from destiny threats. An up to date review of the applied sciences and methods for delivering countermeasures to organic and chemical terrorism, Advances in organic and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures integrates greatly disparate disciplines, calling on authors which are without delay and at the moment thinking about the learn to give their very own info in addition to their trained reviews and recommendation. It attracts seriously at the findings and conclusions from examine performed throughout the Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. nationwide software for Countermeasures to organic and Chemical Threats, that's partly funded during the U.S. military learn, improvement, and Engineering Command. This ebook specializes in 4 basic components of analysis: modeling, simulation, and visualization; environmental safety; own safety and therapeutics; and the mechanistic and poisonous results of guns. person chapters speak about the connection among chance and vulnerability, risk agent dispersal throughout the setting, probability agent sensor improvement, using phage demonstrate for detection and healing intervention, and an outline of famous threats and their poisonous results. seriously referenced, this science-based paintings is a superb instrument to help army and place of origin defense group of workers and primary responders to enhance their skill to increase and enforce countermeasures to the capability organic and chemical probability brokers that proceed to emerge.
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Additional info for Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures
116, pp. 3–14. G. , 1999. Potential biological weapons threats, Emerg. Infect. , special issue, 5(4), pp. 523–527. Merck Veterinary Manual, 2005. M. , Merck, Rahway, NJ, pp. 507–510. A. , 1994. The emergence of new virus diseases: an overview, Semin. Virol. 5, pp. 87–102. Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), 2007. html (accessed September 3, 2007). 28 Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures Select Committee on Science and Technology (SCST), 2000. Fifth Report: Air Travel and Health, United Kingdom Parliament.
A critical contributor to the success and efficiency of this system can be attributed to the fact that it is almost entirely privately owned. S. Department of Homeland Security [DHS] 2006). When we consider the multitudes of vulnerabilities to potential terrorists’ use of biological and chemical weapons as discussed above, and the rapid expansion of novel production and delivery methodologies increasingly available to terrorists as a result of technology proliferation, it becomes apparent that effective prevention and protection strategies must be multidisciplinary and integrated at the local through national levels, and the research efforts to develop and field effective countermeasures must be interdisciplinary.
The incapacitating effects of these psychoactive agents and their historic uses are discussed by Ketchum and Sidell (1997). Substances that are known to have been studied for their potential as psychotomimetic chemical weapons include amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, glycolic acid esters, 3-quinuclidinylbenzilate, phencyclidine, and D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) (Ketchum and Sidell 1997; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons [OPCW] 2007). Psychotomimetic agents may be delivered by way of ingestion or inhalation; however, transdermal exposure through direct contact may also occur.