By Kenneth N. Stevens

This ebook offers a concept of speech-sound iteration within the human vocal process. the great acoustic conception serves as one foundation for outlining different types of speech sounds used to shape differences among phrases in languages. the writer starts with a assessment of the anatomy and body structure of speech construction, then covers resource mechanisms, the vocal tract as an acoustic clear out, appropriate features of auditory psychophysics and body structure, and phonological representations. within the last chapters he offers an in depth exam of vowels, consonants, and the impact of context on speech-sound construction. even though he focuses quite often at the sounds of English, he touches in brief on sounds in different languages. The ebook will function a reference for speech scientists, speech pathologists, linguists drawn to phonetics and phonology, psychologists drawn to speech belief and creation, and engineers enthusiastic about speech processing functions.

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What unites these regions is their lack of appeal to recent immigrants: the fishing economy of the Atlantic seaboard and the largely agricultural economy of Saskatchewan have not provided significant employment opportunities to prospective immigrants, while an absence of large cities in these regions has further discouraged new arrivals, so that their populations are mainly native. By contrast, British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario, together with Quebec, contain Canada’s six largest cities and have been the main centers of growth in the late twentieth-century Canadian economy.

Today, most of these enclaves – especially those in western and central Canada – are strongly recessive and even the speech islands of eastern Canada now show signs of convergence with mainstream Canadian English. ) to assimilate fully to the Canadian English spoken in the larger regions around them. They are Canadian varieties in the same sense as is Newfoundland English: it is toward a Canadian English target that they are now shifting. A final apparently regional division is really more closely related to ethnicity and contact with other languages than with region per se.

The survey, a two-page written questionnaire filled out by the participants themselves, probed their attitudes about a range of subjects focused on varieties of English and social identities. Answers to the first section of the survey, dealing with varieties of English, help to illuminate Canadians’ own views of regional variation in Canadian English. 3 Varieties of Canadian English 29 English-speaking population: the largest group identified a variety spoken in Ontario (19, 30 percent), followed by British Columbia (11, 17 percent), followed by the West more generally (4, 6 percent).

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