By Richard Hogg, David Denison

The historical past and improvement of English, from the earliest identified writings to its prestige this day as a dominant international language, is a topic of significant significance to linguists and historians. during this ebook, a group of overseas specialists hide the full recorded heritage of the English language, outlining its improvement over fifteen centuries. With an emphasis on newer classes, each key level within the heritage of the language is roofed, with complete debts of standardisation, names, the distribution of English in Britain and North the US, and its worldwide unfold. New old surveys of the the most important elements of the language are awarded, and old alterations that experience affected English are taken care of as a continuous procedure, aiding to provide an explanation for the form of the language at the present time. this entire and updated historical past of English can be necessary to all complicated scholars, students and lecturers during this favourite box.

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An economy that had been largely agricultural took off in the late nineteenth century with the discovery of diamonds and gold. From 1899 to 1902 the brutal ‘Boer War’ or ‘South African War’ between the British and the Afrikaners (Dutch settlers) led in the end to a costly British victory. In the twentieth century the dominion enshrined both English and Dutch (later replaced by Afrikaans) as official languages. It was an increasingly racially segregated country, especially from the 1940s onwards, and a policy of separate development, latterly known as apartheid, remained in force until 1991.

31 32 d av i d d e n i s o n a n d r i c h a r d h o g g The two premodern authors who are widely read, at least in schools, are Chaucer, who wrote in the late fourteenth century, and Shakespeare, around 1600. Chaucerian manuscripts predate the decisions made by early printers which helped to codify English spelling, while Shakespeare’s plays were first published before the changes in linguistic sensibility and printing technology which made it normal for every word to be thought of as having a unique public spelling.

31 32 d av i d d e n i s o n a n d r i c h a r d h o g g The two premodern authors who are widely read, at least in schools, are Chaucer, who wrote in the late fourteenth century, and Shakespeare, around 1600. Chaucerian manuscripts predate the decisions made by early printers which helped to codify English spelling, while Shakespeare’s plays were first published before the changes in linguistic sensibility and printing technology which made it normal for every word to be thought of as having a unique public spelling.

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